Health workforce | ESIF

Health workforce

Health workforce

The health workforce covers a wide range of occupations. It involves people who are delivering healthcare services, such as doctors, nurses, midwives, dentists and pharmacists, but also allied health professionals, public health professionals, health management and administrative and support staff.

The healthcare sector constitutes one of the most significant sectors in the EU economy with an important employment potential due to an ageing population and increasing demand for healthcare. 

However, the sector faces major challenges: the health workforce itself is ageing with insufficient new recruits to replace those that are retiring, and there are problems of retention due to demanding working conditions and relatively low pay in some health occupations. In addition, new care patterns to cope with chronic conditions of the elderly and the rise in new technologies require new skills and competences.